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Protocol Analysis

The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland has attracted considerable attention and much has been written about the politics surrounding its adoption as part of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement as well as the challenges surrounding its implementation, including as regards the amendments introduced by the Windsor Framework.

Here we draw together details of UK Government and EU as well as expert/academic analyses of the Withdrawal Agreement (2020) and the Protocol (2020) as well as the Windsor Framework (2023), including in the context of the wider UK-EU relationship governed by the Trade and Cooperation Agreement.